VIRAL INFECTIONS

VIRAL INFECTIONS

VIRAL INFECTIONS 

Dr Vibha Mevada
B.H.M.S, CCAH, MCAH
YPI (Yoga Protocol Instructor)
Founder, Samragee 
Homeopathic Clinic

What is a virus?
Viruses are small particles of genetic material (either DNA or RNA) that are surrounded by a protein coat. Some viruses also have a fatty "envelope" covering. They are incapable of reproducing on their own. Viruses depend on the organism they infect (hosts) for their very survival. 
What is a viral infection? 
A viral infection is a proliferation of a harmful virus inside your body. Viruses cannot reproduce without the assistance of a host. Viruses infect a host by introducing their genetic material into the cells and hijacking the cell's internal machinery to make more virus particles. With an active viral infection, a virus makes copies of itself and bursts the host cell (killing it) to set the newly-formed virus particles free.
How long are viral infactions contagious? 
Contagiousness refers to the ability of a virus to be transmitted from one person (or host) to another. Viral infections are contagious for varying periods of time depending on the virus. An incubation period refers to the time between exposure to a virus (or other pathogen) and the emergence of symptoms. The contagious period of a virus is not necessarily the same as the incubation period. 
Virus transmission: 
Viruses can be transmitted in a variety of ways. Some viruses can spread through touch, saliva, or even the air. Other viruses can be transmitted through sexual contact or by sharing contaminated needles. Insects including ticks and mosquitoes can act as "vectors", transmitting a virus from one host to another. Contaminated food and water are other potential sources of viral infection. 
What are viral diseases? 
Viral diseases are extremely widespread infections caused by viruses, a type of microorganism. There are many types of viruses that cause a wide variety of viral diseases. The most common type of viral disease is the common cold, which is caused by a viral infection of the upper respiratory tract (nose and throat). Other common viral diseases include: 
•  Chickenpox   • Flu (influenza)   • Herpes 
•    Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/AIDS) 
•    Human papillomavirus (HPV) 
•    Infectious mononucleosis 
•    Mumps, measles and rubella 
•    Shingles  • Viral gastroenteritis (stomach flu) 
•    Viral hepatitis  • Viral meningitis 
•    Viral pneumonia 
What are the symptoms of viral diseases? 
Symptoms of viral diseases vary depending on the specific type of virus causing infection, the area of the body that is infected, the age and health history of the patient, and other factors. The symptoms of viral diseases can 
affect almost any area of the body or body system. Symptoms of viral diseases can include: 
• Flu-like symptoms (fatigue, fever, sore throat, headache, cough, aches and pains)  • Gastrointestinal disturbances, such as diarrhoea, nausea and vomiting 
• Irritability  • Malaise (general ill feeling) • Rash 
• Sneezing  • Stuffy nose, nasal congestion, runny nose, or postnasal drip • Swollen lymph nodes 
• Swollen tonsils • Unexplained weight loss 
In infants, signs of a viral disease can also include: 
•    Bulging of the soft spot on the top of the head 
•    Difficulty with feeding 
•    Excessive crying or fussiness 
•    Excessive sleepiness 
Homeopathy and infectious diseases: In Infectious diseases there are two components, one is microorganism and other is individual. Hahnemann discussed in his book Organon of medicine about three different causes i.e., Exciting cause, maintaining cause, and fundamental cause. Microorganisms can be exciting as well as maintaining cause but fundamental cause is present with individual. Hahnemann said exciting and maintaining cause is to be removed and treatment should be based on totality of symptoms, So a patient of infectious disease should be sensitized to make himself away from the source of infection by process of isolation, sterilization and disinfection. 
Preventive aspect of infectiouc diseases: As we discussed earlier, disease is to be treated on the basis of totality of symptom, but so far preventive aspect of infectious disease is concerned, we do not have diseased but susceptible individual. Before hand it is very difficult to understand who is susceptible and who are not, so it should be applied to all. Medicine prepared from diseased product that is Nosodes can be helpful. 
Conclusion: Every disease is a challenge to physician, but in infectious disease the physician and patient is more worried because of its fast progress and very rapid fatality, if not controlled in a right time. Since long back and today also homoeopathic medicine has shown its place and importance so far treatment of infectious disease is concerned. The most important thing is to prescribe right medicine in right strength at a right time. So proper knowledge of medicine, its potency and proper repetition play a very important role in successful and failed cases.